Cataracts are one of the most common causes of vision loss in the United States. In fact, the American Academy of Ophthalmology estimates that more than 24.4 million Americans over the age of forty have cataracts. Fortunately, there are many steps you can take to reduce the chances of developing cataracts. With that in mind, avoid the following risk factors:
Excessive Exposure to Sunlight
Exposure to too much sunlight and its harmful UV rays can damage proteins found in the lens, causing them to grow thicker. Try to reduce your exposure to sunlight and always wear sunglasses with UV ray protection. You may also want to stay out of the sun from 10AM-4PM, the time frame when UV radiation is at its highest.
Consuming Too Much Alcohol
Researchers from Boston University have conducted a study that shows consuming more than two drinks per day can significantly increase your risk of need cataract surgery. Ask family and friends to help you limit your alcohol consumption, especially in social gatherings.
Cigarettes and other tobacco products introduce a variety of toxins to the body when smoked, which alters the cells of the lens. As such, smokers are twice as likely to develop cataracts. Consider breaking the habit with the help of family and friends, as well as nicotine substitutes like gum or patches.
On top of following these tips, you should also undergo an eye exam at least once every other year. This can help you detect cataracts early on, and if you require cataract surgery in Los Angeles.